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PROMINENT RUSSIANS : Olga Vladimirovna Rozanova

Art did not die because it is concerned with soul of eternity for Russian art. It is a mirror for the other world. Russia is cradle of civilizations and cultures. Russia is the dignity and honor.  Cultural victory will come from Russia.  Russian art and Russian literature are greatest thing in humanity.  Genius Russian artist is regarded as one of the main innovators of the Russian avant-garde by her death time in 1918, she embraced in her drawing the usage of pure color which is the concern that is shared by the artist.as Barnett Newman and Mark Rothko, several decades later, in the 1950s. Olga Vladimirovna Rozanova was born to an Aristocratic family. She tried every new aspect in art, then she moved to Moscow, where she tried indulging in the institute of central industrial art Institute and audited classes in other art schools. even though she did not obtain official certificate. By 1919, she will have recorded by herself in impressionist artistic departments in Moscow and St.

 

In 1911, she joined a group of young people in St. Petersburg and participated in all its exhibitions. She also participated in the debates organized by the group and published in its journal (the third issue) the programmatic article “The Bases of the New Creation and the Reasons Why It Is Misunderstood.Between 1913 and 1914, Rozanova seemed like any other Russian impressionist artists upheld Cubo-Futurist ideals but her paintings reveal accurate survey for Italian sources. Among all Russian artists in age, Rozanova  was most great in the Italian futurism.). It was not surprising that Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, the ideological founder of the Italian Futurist movement, was particularly impressed with her work during his 1914 visit to Russia.

Poet Aleksey Kruchonykh  had great effect upon life of Rozanova . They met in 1912 and a romantic creative relationship began from my point of view. Kruchonykh introduced Rozanova to trans-sense or zaum poetry, the name of a type of linguistic sound experiment then popular among Futurists, and she began writing accomplished poetry in that style ( no doubt under the effect of Kruchonykh  and produced vital sequence of mixtures including books by Kruchonykh and Velimir Khlebnikov (Vzorval, “Explodity”  Vozropshchem “Let’s Grumble” and Bukh lesiny  “A Forestly Rapid” in 1913 and “A Game in Hell” and Chort i rechetvortsy  “The Devil and the Word Makers” in 1914).
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ольга розанова
In 1916 Rozanova joined the Suprematists see Suprematism; a short lived group founded by Malevich even though she kept her excellent style, which was more dynamic and embellished of that period  and her interest in in Suprematism was brief. in 1917 before short time before her death from diphtheria. she created a sequence of what is so called colour painting it is new direction in abstract art, which would be developed more than 30 years later by a group of artists known as Abstract Expressionists.

 

WRITTEN BY: МАГДИ РАУФ

I will demonstrate some of art paintings for that genius artist:

 

 

Queen of spades – Olga Rozanova

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Olga Rózanova (1816~1918), a Russian avant-garde artist in the styles of Suprematist, Neo-Primitivist, and Cubo-Futurist.

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Jewish art is art of life elixir

The genius artist was born in village of Beshenkovichi close to Vitebsk where he belonged to a crafts family His first art teacher. beginning from year 1906 was Yehudah Pen . In 1910 Solomon Yudovin  moved to St. Petersburg, where he studied at the School of the Society for Encouragement of Art then in 1913-1911 with Mstislav Dobujinsky, one of Chagall’s first teachers.He was matured as artist through the Russian revolution, and he spent between 1923-1918 in Vitebsk , at that time it was regarded as influential center at that time it was regarded as influential center for for the Russian avant-garde.

Truly it is outstanding work of art demonstrating the Jewish artistic movement and Jewish identity amazingly through the art .Jewish art that worth acknowledgment in the true sense of word.  Solomon Yudovin , Graviury Na Dereve, Ieremia Ioffe and Erikh Gollerbakh  [S. Yudovin, woodcuts]. Leningrad (St. Petersburg], 1928. 1st edition. Russian. Booklet dedicated to woodcuts by the Jewish artist Solomon .

 

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Unlike many other Jewish Russian artists at that time, particularly Marc Chagall and El Lissitzky, Iudovin . who did not embrace the modernity, but he remained realistic and intellectual artist during his lifetime and he was artistically regarded as if not also creative concerning the art of painting who excelled in wood sculpture and the book of clarification. Between 1920 and 1940, most of his work was devoted to Jewish issues, an interest inspired by his participation in the 1912–1914 An ski ethnographic expedition to Ukraine as a photographer and artist.

In 1920 Iudovin and M. Malkin published the album Yidisher Folks-Ornament (Jewish Folk Ornament), which included 26 linocuts based on his earlier copies of Jewish folk art. those editions are most probably oldest models during lifetime of Iudovin’s art. Between 1921 and 1940, he worked irregularly on sequel of Jewish scenes. Such scenes included everyday life, Jewish synagogues, Jewish personalities, city sightseeing which are most of them Vitebsk . Between 1924 and 1941 Solomon Iudovin worked also on new sequel of Evreiskie Narodnye Ornamenty (Jewish Folk Ornament), which was never published. Done in a free, imaginative spirit, these prints stand out from the rest of his oeuvre. In the 1930s Solomon Iudovin took up book illustrations  and in the late of 1930. He started imaging the influence of communism upon Soviet Jews through the method of Socialist realism. He moved to  Leningrad in 1923 in which he received the non Jewish issues. His works included later on other issues, the print series Oborona Petrograda (Defense of Petrograd; 1933), Novostroikii Belorussii (New Building in Belorussia; 1936), and Leningrad v dni velikoi otechestvennoi voiny (Leningrad in the Days of World War II; 1942–1949). A comprehensive collection of Iudovin’s Jewish artwork is kept at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem.

conclude the Jewish culture and Russian Jewish art are the source of eternal life which did not die. We will tell of Russian Jewish art by all our might.

WRITTEN BY: МАГДИ РАУФ

 

I will demonstrate some of art paintings for that genius Jewish artist:

Картины Соломона Юдовина:

 

 

 

 

 

PROMINENT RUSSIANS : Marc Chagall

the art is soul of life when artists express his art he expresses his soul. Artists drawings are part of his soul.

Marc Chagall poetic, the style of imaging made him one of the most modern artists popular while his lifelong and variety of production made him one of most acclaimed internationally. Even though many of his counterparts followed ambitious experiences led sometimes to abstraction and excellence . Chagall  lies in his solid faith in power of plastic arts and that what he had kept despite of assimilating ideas from Fauvism and Cubism. Chagall  was born in Russia and moved to France where he became public figure within the so-called Ecole de Paris. he also moved to other countries as United States of America and middle east. He is a model of genius Jewish person who embodied the spirit of art.

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worked in many of radical modern methods in different stages of his professional life   including the cubic art  and surreal art and all of those kind of arts may have encouraged him to work with completely abstract manner. But he refused everyone of them consecutively and remained committed to surreal and plastic arts which made him one of most outstanding modern age supporters for the most traditional methods. The Jewish identity for Chagall  very important to him during his lifetime and many of his works can be described as an attempt to reconcile between old Jewish traditions and modernised art methods.However, he also occasionally drew on Christian themes, which appealed to his taste for narrative and allegory.Though his work stood stylistically apart from his cubist contemporaries, from 1912 to 1914 Chagall exhibited several paintings at the annual Salon des Indépendants exhibition, where works by the likes of Juan GrisMarcel Duchamp and Robert Delaunay 

 

The effect (Chagall  ) is great as number of methods that it is assimilation to create his works. Even though it was not completely matched with any movement and he said that it is overlapping of many of visual element       of Cubism, Fauvism, Symbolism and Surrealism in its aesthetic sentimental of Jewish folklore, stores as shepherdess and Russia life. From this point, earth reveals artistic manner and rich blend of common modern artistic specializations.

WRITTEN BY: МАГДИ РАУФ

I will demonstrate some of art paintings for that genius artist:

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Marc Chagall

Portrait of the Artist’s Sister Aniuta

 

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Marc Chagall Untitled (Old Man with Beard) c. 1931

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Great Works: The Red Jew, 1914-15 (100cm x 80.5cm) by Marc Chagall

 

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Marc Chagall Exhibition Love, War, and Exile Jewish Museum.

The narration and main themes in The Master and Margarita

“manuscripts  don’t burn” – “(рукописи не горят)” 
Many critics consider it to be one of the best novels of the 20th century, as well as the foremost of Soviet satires. the underground masterpiece of twentieth-century Russian fiction .Novel reveals the bond between goodness and evil. Between the feeling guilty and bravery and cowardice. Also the handling of issues as the responsibility towards the truth when authorities deny that freedom of spirit in an insecure world. Love and sensuality are also important subjects dominating in the novel.
(The Master and Margarita) enabled the novel to be assimilated at various levels. It is philosophical story. It is social and bitter political satire. As it is also humorous and terrific in which elements of gloomy and horror scenes are sometimes employed to add the suitable atmosphere to the novel. The whole novel is narrated by the knowing narrator who was appearing in (Woland) in act 2, narration levels went deep by the omnipotent narrator in this manner. It is obvious that (Woland) he who narrated the act two who told if the remaining acts about (Pontius Pilate) .the manner of narration was filming draw visual picture as it draws philosophical picture for the event. It moves from irony due to abolition of creation in the name of the belief to present satirical black film about life in Moscow.
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There is supernatural power in the novel lead the characters and place them in different situations and weird atmospheres come out not from devil but due to psychological and social distortion which injured the society. The teacher is likened with (Mikhail Bulgakov) that both burnt its novel due to suppression impact and both also restored its novel. (Books don’t burn) This is the phrase emphasized by the manuscript ((Pontius Pilate  to the teacher and did (Mikhail Bulgakov) to finish his novel.

Devil is present in novel in someway. Devil is the creature who brought back the manuscript to the teacher and brought also his beloved and lead him to serenity and peace. As it also brought psychological and social shakes leaving its full impact on all characters. But devil is the devil. It kills and does bad deeds in novel referred.

Either by himself or by his followers. The theme of novel appears in a meeting of Woland with Jesus  then both talk and Woland declared that there is no goodness without evil. No deed for Jesus without devil. Devil comes to carry out the demands of Jesus that told to him by Matta and with the presence of evil, goodness and right show up and victor.
There are intellectual points very important to mention as the reader should know that Bulgakov images the evil as not separated from our world. Light comes from darkness inhabited both the devil and Christ often inside people. Jesus was not able to see the treason of Judas’ treachery, despite Pilate’s hints because he only saw it good in people. He could not protect himself, because he did not know how, nor from whom. This interpretation presumes that Bulgakov had his own vision of Tolstoy’s idea of resistance to evil through non violence, by giving this image of Yeshua.

To conclude that interaction between fired and water and destruction and other supernatural powers provide continuing accompanying for the novel events as light and darkness and noisy and silence and sun and moon and storms and quietness and other strong poles. There is complicated relationship between jerusalem and Moscow in all chapters of novel. Sometimes voices multiplied and sometimes as differing. 

Novel is deeply influenced by Goethe‘s Faust, and his themes as cowardice, confidence, intellectual curiosity and sacrifice are all apparent themes. These themes can be read at different levels.as hilarious slapstick, deep philosophical allegory, and biting socio-political satire critical of not just the Soviet system but also the superficiality and vanity of modern life in general.

 

 

PROMINENT RUSSIANS: Васи́лий Фёдорович Насе́дкин

Religions are primitive ignorance has no logic nor definition.We will fight for communism even if that cost our lives. 
Васи́лий Фёдорович Насе́дкин was born in 1895 in a village of (Verovka ) in the province called UFA. He descended from a peasant family . Between 1909-1913 he studied in school the Sterlitamak Teacher’s Seminary and afterwards he joins the department of physics and mathematics in Moscow university in 1913. In 1914, he joined the RSDLP. and them moved to university of Shanyavsky  where he met Sergei Yesenin. In 1915, he volunteered in the army, and participated in the first world war.  was shell-shocked, got into German captivity, where he managed to escape .then studied in school of  the Alekseevsky Junker There he worked in publicity. In 1917, he participated  in a rebel movement in Moscow in side of Bolsheviks. He participated to capture the telegram, post office and telephone station. Then he captured Kremlin in Moscow with cooperation of Red guards from the Telegraph and Searchlight Regiment. he was a member of revolutionary troops committee then soldiers commissioner.

His poems were seldom printed during his lifetime and after death even less. During his lifetime, the poet published four books: in 1927 the memoirs “The Last Year of Yesenin” and a collection of poems “Warm Speech”, in 1931 – the collection “The Wind from the Field” and in 1933 – “Poems., 1922 – 1932”. After rehabilitation in 1956 (he was shot on March 15, 1938), he was published only twice: once in Moscow in 1968, and for the second time in Ufa – in 1978. Several of his poems, with a brief biographical reference, were included in the collective collection of poets of Yesenin circle “O Rus, wiggle wings …“, released in 1986. 

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During 1920-1923 he participated in the suppression of (basmachism in Turkestan). In Autumn 1921 he left the party. In Moscow he was released from the army and then joined the bry literary and Art institution where he studied for more than one year. Meanwhile he worked as a freelance editor in the magazine”Gorod i derevnya” . Later he was involved in literary editing in a journal of (Kolkhoznik) in which he was positioned as the head of department of poetry.He was in the literary group “Pass” (1923-1928), in the All-Union Organization of Proletarian-Collective Writers (since 1930).

In the late 1920’s. He became an ardent opponent of collectivization. On 26 October 1937, he was arrested. On March 1938 he was charged with terrorism and sentenced to death he was shot and buried at the Kommunarka test site.
WRITTEN BY: МАГДИ РАУФ

Prominent Russians: Vladimir Mayakovsky

But I,
from poetry’s skies,
plunge into communism,
because
without it
I feel no love.
Vladimir Mayakovsky

He was a poet, author and playwright and permanent revolutionary. He wrote before revolution breaking out and he also wrote plays distinguished by the future dimension. He also wrote works for children as he also wrote for adults. During the biggest part of his life throughout his literary striving. After the revolution achieved its goals the ruling regime was satisfied with him and accordingly adopted his ideas. Matters got worse since Lenin passing away and Stalin rule holding. In the summer of 1915, Mayakovsky fell in love with a married woman, Lilya Brik. It was to her that the poem The Backbone Flute 1916 was dedicated. Unfortunately for Mayakovsky, she was the wife of his publisher, One of greatest Russian poets of the silver age Osip Maksimovich Brik, Russian avant garde writer and literary critic, was One of greatest Russian poets of the silver age .The love affair, as well as his impressions of war and revolution, strongly influenced his works of these years. The most outstanding of what Mayakovsky  wrote as we can mention herein A Cloud in Trousers  In 1915, Mayakovsky published his first major poem of appreciable length and it depicted the heated subjects of love, revolution, religion, and art, written from the vantage point of a spurned lover,A Cloud in Trousers, long poem took stylistic options of poet to new trends and linking unsymmetrical lines of accent with surprising rhymes.

Your thoughts,
dreaming on a softened brain,
like an over-fed lackey on a greasy settee,
with my heart’s bloody tatters I’ll mock again;
impudent and caustic, I’ll jeer to superfluity.Of Grandfatherly gentleness I’m devoid,
there’s not a single grey hair in my soul!
Thundering the world with the might of my voice,
I go by — handsome,
twenty-two-year-old.
Вашу мысль
мечтающую на размягченном мозгу,
как выжиревший лакей на засаленной кушетке,
буду дразнить об окровавленный сердца лоскут:
досыта изъиздеваюсь, нахальный и едкий.У меня в душе ни одного седого волоса,
и старческой нежности нет в ней!
Мир огромив мощью голоса,
иду – красивый,
двадцатидвухлетний.

 

 

Backbone Flute (1916),  Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (1924), and All Right! (1927). Mayakovsky’s support of the Bolsheviks in the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the Communist Party was reflected in the poems “Ode to Revolution” (1918) and “Left March” (1919), the play Mystery-Bouffe(1921)and the cartoons and posters he created through a partnership with the Russian Telegraph Agency. During this time, his poems became widely popular and made him a spokesman of the Soviet nation. In 1910, Mayakovsky  began scrutinizing the painting and in a very short time he realised that he had verses talent. In 1912, he signed the future declaration A Slap in the Face of Public Taste,as regarded as slap on the public taste and which included two of his poems. In 1913 he published his first individual project Ya, a small book of four poems.

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From my point of view, Mayakovsky first poems ranked him in the hierarchy of most original poets to look forward to Russian future which is movement distinguished by its rejection to traditional elements for the sake of drawing experimentation and which welcomed social change promised by technologies such as automobiles and especially, Mayakovsky poems at an early time lack structure traditional metrical structure. and depend instead in strong rhythms and very exaggerated metaphors and maybe the importance of language considered unpoetic in literary circles at the time.

There is an important note for the dear reader when Mayakovsky returned Moscow to create drawings propaganda graphics and verses for the Russian State Telegraph Agency and she had become able to participate in  Left Front of the Arts, editing its journal, LEF. the target was the magazine ” the reconsideration of the ideologies and practices of what is so called the left art and the relinquishing of individualism to increase the value of art to develop the communism.

Mayakovsky had been working on the long poem With Full Voice since 1929,During a year 1930, it is alleged that he shot himself at heart and after ten days, the soldier was investigating out the reasons of poet suicidal or it is killed which had led to arousing of speculations around the nature of Mayakovsky death.

 

A beautiful poem by Vladimir Mayakovsky: 

My most respected
comrades of posterity!
Rummaging among
these days’
petrified crap,
exploring the twilight of our times,
you,
possibly,
will inquire about me too.

And, possibly, your scholars
will declare,
with their erudition overwhelming
a swarm of problems;
once there lived
a certain champion of boiled water,
and inveterate enemy of raw water.

Professor,
take off your bicycle glasses!
I myself will expound
those times
and myself.

I, a latrine cleaner
and water carrier,
by the revolution
mobilized and drafted,
went off to the front
from the aristocratic gardens
of poetry –
the capricious wench
She planted a delicious garden,
the daughter,
cottage,
pond
and meadow.

Myself a garden I did plant,
myself with water sprinkled it.
some pour their verse from water cans;
others spit water
from their mouth –
the curly Macks,
the clever jacks –
but what the hell’s it all about!
There’s no damming al this up –
beneath the walls they mandoline:
“Tara-tina, tara-tine,
tw-a-n-g…”
It’s no great honor, then,
for my monuments
to rise from such roses
above the public squares,
where consumption coughs,
where whores, hooligans and syphilis
walk.

Agitprop
sticks
in my teeth too,
and I’d rather
compose
romances for you –
more profit in it
and more charm.

But I
subdued
myself,
setting my heel
on the throat
of my own song.
Listen,
comrades of posterity,
to the agitator
the rabble-rouser.

Stifling
the torrents of poetry,
I’ll skip
the volumes of lyrics;
as one alive,
I’ll address the living.
I’ll join you
in the far communist future,
I who am
no Esenin super-hero.

My verse will reach you
across the peaks of ages,
over the heads
of governments and poets.

My verse
will reach you
not as an arrow
in a cupid-lyred chase,
not as worn penny
Reaches a numismatist,
not as the light of dead stars reaches you.

My verse
by labor
will break the mountain chain of years,
and will present itself
ponderous,
crude,
tangible,
as an aqueduct,
by slaves of Rome
constructed,
enters into our days.

When in mounds of books,
where verse lies buried,
you discover by chance the iron filings of lines,
touch them
with respect,
as you would
some antique
yet awesome weapon.

It’s no habit of mine
to caress
the ear
with words;
a maiden’s ear
curly-ringed
will not crimson
when flicked by smut.

In parade deploying
the armies of my pages,
I shall inspect
the regiments in line.

Heavy as lead,
my verses at attention stand,
ready for death
and for immortal fame.

The poems are rigid,
pressing muzzle
to muzzle their gaping
pointed titles.

The favorite
of all the armed forces
the cavalry of witticisms
ready
to launch a wild hallooing charge,
reins its chargers still,
raising
the pointed lances of the rhymes.
and all
these troops armed to the teeth,
which have flashed by
victoriously for twenty years,
all these,
to their very last page,
I present to you,
the planet’s proletarian.

The enemy
of the massed working class
is my enemy too
inveterate and of long standing.

Years of trial
and days of hunger
ordered us
to march
under the red flag.

We opened
each volume
of Marx
as we would open
the shutters
in our own house;
but we did not have to read
to make up our minds
which side to join,
which side to fight on.

Our dialectics
were not learned
from Hegel.
In the roar of battle
it erupted into verse,
when,
under fire,
the bourgeois decamped
as once we ourselves
had fled
from them.
Let fame
trudge
after genius
like an inconsolable widow
to a funeral march –
die then, my verse,
die like a common soldier,
like our men
who nameless died attacking!
I don’t care a spit
for tons of bronze;
I don’t care a spit
for slimy marble.
We’re men of  kind,
we’ll come to terms about our fame;
let our
common monument be
socialism
built
in battle.
Men of posterity
examine the flotsam of dictionaries:
out of Lethe
will bob up
the debris of such words
as “prostitution,”
“tuberculosis,”
“blockade.”
For you,
who are now
healthy and agile,
the poet
with the rough tongue
of his posters,
has licked away consumptives’ spittle.
With the tail of my years behind me,
I begin to resemble
those monsters,
excavated dinosaurs.
Comrade life,
let us
march faster,
march
faster through what’s left
of the five-year plan.
My verse
has brought me
no rubles to spare:
no craftsmen have made
mahogany chairs for my house.
In all conscience,
I need nothing
except
a freshly laundered shirt.
When I appear
before the CCC
of the coming
bright years,
by way of my Bolshevik party card,
I’ll raise
above the heads
of a gang of self-seeking
poets and rogues,
all the hundred volumes
of my
communist-committed books.

Vladimir Mayakovsky 1930

At the Top of My voice
First Prelude to the Poem

WRITTEN BY: МАГДИ РАУФ

Prominent Russians Nikolay Gumilyov 

Our freedom is but a light that breaks through from another world.

Nikolai Gumilev

He is Russian poet even though he had lived the last four years of his life during the Soviet epoch.Nikolay Gumilyov Great poet is regarded as the only poet in the group of poets “the silver decade” for the Russian poetry whom was executed under a verdict by Bolshevik court. He met his death at hands of Bolshevik intelligence elements preserving his honor as selfish esteem officer who had never betrayed the oath that he stated towards the Ceaser   The matter that embarrassed even the officials of intelligence who executed the sentence of execution and whom told about : it is unfortunate that linking himself to an opposition camp. If he were in our side, we would have been proud of him as a hero.

Ngumil

Nikolai Gumilev, one of revival pioneers in Russian poetry in the nineteenth century, A versatile critic, translator, prose writer, and theorist of poetry.He was born in a city of Kronstadt on Kotlin Island to a family of navy doctor where he spent his childhood in a city of (Tsarskoe Selo) near from (Saint Petersburg) Married to Anna Akhmatova for the best part of a decade, he had an adventurous life that took him from the Horn of Africa to execution on suspicion of anti-Soviet activity .their child Lev was born. He would eventually become an influential and controversial historian.Nikolay Gumilyov  was nurtured since his early childhood with impressions about the abilities of the empire and the audacity of its army. His family members noticed his early inclination to adapting to the phenomena and odd things that are unprecedented and to the adventures, the matter that affected later on upon his poetic creation and was reflected in his first diwan that had been released upon his private expenses in 1905 and it was named by  The Way of Conquistadors.  

He did not show any interest in school materials during his education in secondary school where he was a principal, the outstanding poet (Nikolai Gumilev) for the silver decade. Except that he focused on reading the adventures books. He left after graduation heading to Petersburg secondary school to Paris where he spent two years and was very close to poets and French artists the impressionist young people. As he tried to release literary magazine in France.

 In Paris in 1907, Nikolay Gumilyov began publishing a bi-weekly literary magazine called “Sirius,” in which he printed his own compositions under different aliases and the compositions of the young poetics Anna Akhmatova. In all, Nikolay Gumilyov produced 3 issues of  Sirius. He returned 1908 to Russia where he cultivated his bases as an authentic poet and critic. He indulged in the respects of impressionistic schools which spreaded in poetic surrounding of Russia at that time. (Nikolay Gumilyov) volunteered in 1914 to serve in Russian army for fighting against Germans unlike most of his contemporaries who preferred to devote their lifetimes to writing patriotic poems rather than being on war frontlines. He was honoured in 1915 with a badge of third degree in return for his heroism which he showed in Germanic Russian bank. Nikolay Gumilyov flamboyant personality One of greatest Russian poets of the silver age, lived and wrote fearlessly. The others were either exiled, imprisoned, driven to suicide, or died from mental and physical distress before their sentence could be carried out.On August 3, 1921 he was arrested by the Cheka on allegation of participation in monarchist conspiracy known as “Petrograd military organization” or Tagantsev conspiracy. On August 24, the Petrograd Cheka decreed execution of all 61 participants of the case, including Nikolai Gumilev

Nikolay Gumilyov The Lost Tram seems to predict that he would suffer this fate:

The executioner, with a face like an udder,
red-shirted, stout as an ox,
has chopped off my head. Along with the others,
it lies at the bottom of a slippery box.

Criticism
Critics said that he avoided intentionally the Russian fact to find its analogy in the odd imaginative fact. That was evident through his poetic diwans “in 1908 ,(Romantic Flowers) released in Paris in March, is Gumilev’s second collection of verse and shows the author’s further maturation as a unique voice within the Symbolist context.  and 1910 (Pearl) is published to more acclaim, and marks Gumilev’s introduction of elements of Realism into his Romantic imagination. Returns to Abyssinia. in 1908 Publishes  (Foreign Skies)  his fourth collection of poetry, simultaneous to the founding of the Acmeist movement .

Its impact :

Creation of (Nikolay Gumilyov) had great influence even if he was unfamiliar to poets of Russian epoch who considered him belong to them Nikolai Tikhonov Among them. and others regarded him as role model for doing the duty and oath fulfilling. He is also regarded as (Nikolay Gumilyov) within the poetic entourage last cavalier among the poets and last poet among Cavaliers. It is notable that (Nikolay Gumilyov) regarded through the epoch of Soviet authority as banned poet.

Nikolai Gumilev POEMS

Eternal

I’m in the days’ embracing limits,
Where even skies are ever gray,
Look through the ages, live in minutes,
And wait for Holy Saturday;

The end of soul’s aimless travels,
Of lucks and troubles peaceful end.
O, come, my day when I’ll be able
To Know, See and Understand.

My soul will be so new and broad,
All, that’s alluring, will be mine.
And I will bless the golden road,
From blind worm and to golden sun.

And he, who went with me wherever,
Trough thunders and the silent peace,
He, who was kind to me in fever,
And cruel when I stayed in bliss;

Who taught me to a wisdom whole,
To fight, reserve, or overcome,
Will turn to me, and leave his pole,
And simply tell me, “We have come.”

 

Written by: Магди Рауф

THE GENIUS OF RUSSIAN: Boris Pasternak

«In everything I want to get to the very heart».

Boris Pasternak

Even so, one step from my grave,
I believe that cruelty, spite,
The powers of darkness will in time
Be crushed by the spirit of light.

Boris Pasternak

Boris_Pasternak_in_youth

He suffered much in Russia and he had to publish his famous novel “Dr zhivago” in Italy and there a decision made to ban publishing all his works in Russia, even his novel was not published except in 1987, he is Boris Leonidovich Pasternak, the poet and the Russian novelist who was awarded with Nobel in 1958.The novel depicts a period from the beginning of the 20th century to the beginning of World War II, focusing on the lives of people caught in the maelstrom of the war, revolution, repartition of the world order. Around the world Pasternak is known for his novel “Doctor Zhivago”, but Pasternak-Poet is a truly brilliant phenomenon of the Russian literature of the 20th century. He was born on 10th of February 1890- 30th of May 1960 to an artistic family belonged to elite class of intellectuals, his mother ( Rosa Kaufman,) was a talented musician and she was known for her being influenced by the Russian musician Aleksandr Nikolayevich.His father was the Post-Impressionist painter, Leonid Pasternak, professor at the Moscow School of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture.  Through the first world war, Pasternak worked and studied in a lab for chemicals in oral unlike so many of his contemporaries and his mates who left Russia after the Bolshevik revolution, as he stayed in his countries and he was dazzled by her motto and he was shaken by the dream of change through the revolution.Pasternak highly allegorical writing style made his early works somewhat difficult to understand. In I Remember the author looks with disapproval at what he termed the “mannerisms” of his youth. In an effort to make his thoughts and images clearer and more accessible to a larger audience, Pasternak worked after 1930 to develop a more direct and classical writing style. Many critics have cited his masterpiece Doctor Zhivago and its accompanying poetry as the culmination of these efforts.

Pasternak poetic history can be divided into four major periods. Between his first book, [The Twin in the Clouds (Bliznets v Tuchakh)] (1914),His first collection “Twin in the clouds.” Pasternak released his first collection as the referred above and appeared in a period which is so called by authors ” the period of historical storms” as related to three revolutions and world wars. By writing the poems of The Twin in the Clouds, Pasternak tried to free himself from the torments which time and experience had placed upon him. His second collection “Above the barriers” Pasternak could make for him a great position among poets who are interested in nature and its description as he took care of accurate details. His poems reflected a notable side of his passion for nature and his vision embodied the reality, life and humans as well.Pasternak is a searching, feeling, experiencing poet. A brilliant poet can’t live his life without channeling the reality through their thoughts, mindset and feelings.Pasternak belonged to the poets generation, isayef, Vladimir Mayakovsky, bagertisky, Nikolay Semyonovich Tikhonov, Marina Tsvetaeva as all of them lived the happening of first Russian revolution “1905” and first world war waiting for them when their power get more strengthened. and the fourth, [Themes and Variations (Temyi Variatsii)] (1923), Pasternak travelled a long and difficult road on which many personal and social obstacles had to be overcome. It was a period in search of independent creativity, a quest for self-determination.

Translation movement :
Pasternak is regarded as one of biggest Russia authors contributing to translation field, helped without his good command for many languages beside his good command for Georgian language. Bast translated writings for Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, sax, Shakespeare, Friedrich von Schiller and etc.

They said about Pasternak : one of revival pioneers in Russian poetry in the twentieth century, even though what Maxim Gorky stated “it seems to me that the link between the impression and photo in poetry of bast not understood, I sometimes feel sadness that mingling overcome severely over his production and reflected in anarchy and discrepancy “and for long years, Maxim Gorky remained considering bast that he is poet of metaphorical consequences.

The Russian author Boris Pasternak presented peculiar creations vivid with the respect for man toned with honest life without deception nor suppression.In fact, granting Boris Pasternak,with the Nobel Prize in Literature served as another for the persecution of the Poet and the cause for him of all benefits, up to the threat of expulsion from the country, which for an elderly man without significant savings was unthinkable. The poet could not stand the bullying and died from lung cancer in May 1960. many thousands of people travelled out from Moscow to his funeral in the small village where he lived.

 

The freedom is valuable. Thinkers, politicians and Russian writers know well meaning of freedom and where it comes from. Your blood is very precious and your history is memorable and sculpted in our hearts.

Boris Pasternak Poems

1 February. Take ink and weep

February. Take ink and weep,

write February as you’re sobbing,

while black Spring burns deep

through the slush and throbbing.

Take a cab. For a clutch of copecks,

through bell-towers’ and wheel noise,

go where the rain-storm’s din breaks,

greater than crying or ink employs.

Where rooks in thousands falling,

like charred pears from the skies,

drop down into puddles, bringing

cold grief to the depths of eyes.

Below, the black shows through,

and the wind’s furrowed with cries:

the more freely, the more truly

then, sobbing verse is realised.

2 Like a brazier’s bronze cinders 

Like a brazier’s bronze cinders,

the sleepy garden’s beetles flowing.

Level with me, and my candle,

a flowering world is hanging.

As if into unprecedented faith,

I cross into this night,

where the poplar’s beaten grey

veils the moon’s rim from sight.

Where the pond’s an open secret,

where apple-trees whisper of waves,

where the garden hanging on piles,

holds the sky before its face.

3 Winter Sky

Ice-chips plucked whole from the smoke,

the past week’s stars all frozen in flight,

Head over heels the skater’s club goes,

clinking its rink with the peal of night.

Step slow, slower, slow-er, skater,

pride carving its trace as you race by.

each turn’s a constellation cut there,

scratched by a skate in Norway’s sky.

The air is fettered in frozen iron.

Oh, skaters! There – it’s all the same,

that, like snake’s eyes set in ivory,

night’s on earth, a domino game:

that moon, a numb hound’s tongue

is there, frozen tight: that mouths like

the forgers of coins’ – are stung,

filled with lava of breathtaking ice.

4 Spring

How many sticky buds, candle ends

sprout from the branches! Steaming

April. Puberty sweats from the park,

and the forest’s blatantly gleaming.

A noose of feathered throats grips

the wood’s larynx, a lassoed steer,

netted, like a gladiatorial organ,

it groans steel-piped sonatas here.

Poetry! Be a Greek sponge with suckers,

among green stickiness drenched,

I’ll consent, by the sopping wood

of a green-stained garden bench.

Grow sumptuous pleats and flounces,

suck up the gullies and clouds,

Poetry, tonight, I’ll squeeze you out

to make the parched sheets flower.

5 Swifts

At twilight the swifts have no power,

to hold back that pale blue coolness.

It bursts from throats, a clamour

an outpour that can’t grow less.

The swifts have no way, high

up there, overhead, of restraining

their clarion cries: ‘O, triumph,

see, see, how the earth’s receding!’

Like steam from a boiling kettle,

the furious flow rushes by –

‘See, see – no space for the earth

between the ravine and the sky.’

6  My sister – Life’s overflowing today

My sister – Life’s overflowing today,

spring rain shattering itself like glass,

but people with monocles still complain,

and sting, politely, like snakes in the grass.

The elders have their logic of course,

certainly yours is foolish, no doubt:

that eyes and lawns glow lilac in storms,

and sweet perfume blows from the south.

That in May, when travelling you see

the timetable on the Kamyshin line,

the Bible’s penned no less magnificently,

while in reading it you’re mesmerised.

That sunset has only to show a village,

girls crowding the track as we flee,

and I find that it’s not my stop today,

the sun offering its sympathy.

With three splashes the bell swims by,

‘Sorry, not here’: its apology’s far.

Burning night seeps under the blind,

the steppe plunges, from step to star.

Winking, blinking, sweetly somewhere,

my love, a fata-morgana, sleeps yet,

while, like my heart, splashed on platforms there,

the carriage throws window-light over the steppe.

 

WRITTEN BY: МАГДИ РАУФ

 

PROMINENT RUSSIANS Olga Bogaevskaya

 I will passionately explain to you a preface about the aim of art: art is considered as a tool has deep effect over self and has significance in life, where creation can exist, excellence, genuineness and it is the method and the way to express ideas, feeling and senses. No doubt whenever we see any artistic masterpiece or any art scene or read some poem. Our senses often move towards what we receive and as it gives us the oxygen of life and freshness as it return to us the sense the beauty of our life once again and renew it. Art has an effective role to build civilizations and it is continuing motivation in development and growth. It is basic element to awaken the society against inertia and deterioration and lead the world intellectually. Art is acting as heaven scripture.  Art is an enlightenment for humanity whatever arts varied according the importance of it in our life. So we can regard it as a tool for learning and education and how it increases the creative activities for the individual. It transports the viewer to spiritual journey. To conclude, I would like to say the art is a symbol for freedom and a mirror for soul.

Olga Borisovna Bogaevskaya (RussianОльга Бори́совна Богае́вская,she was born on 25th of October 1915,in Petrograd she was brought up to an archaeologist’ family, and arts historian, she studied in faculty of art and industry where she was a student of Dmitry Zagoskin (1931–1932). Then she continued her education in an institute of Leningrad for painting, sculpture and architecture where she was a student of Sergei Priselkov, Genrikh Pavlovsky, David Bernshtein, and Alexander Osmerkin (1933–1940). from the Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture in Alexander Osmerkin workshop with the rank of artist of painting. Her degree work was the painting “Meting of girlfriend”.In 1940 she got married Gleb Savinov  a colleague in the institute of artist . In 1941-1940, she studied the painting in school of secondary arts in Leningrad institute for painting and sculpture and architecture.

b21f4660f348a5738e574ede7433e259Olga Bogaevskaya, “Winter vacation”, 1985

she a regular participant in exhibitions of Leningrad artists since last of the forties. She was coloured talented. The main topic for her work – the picture of child, life still inside and outside. Since 1940, he was a member of Leningrad union of Soviet artists. Her works were nominated in 1950-1960 for her from Leningrad grand painters.Among those works Bogaevskaya’s  the most famous paintings of.The Breakfast”, “Cadets” (both 1947), “Peaceful sleep” (1951), “Still Life with Strawberries”, “Girls”, “Flowers. Still life”[5] (all 1956), “In the garden”, “Girl with Dolls”[6] (both 1957), “Guests” “Apples” (both 1960), “Still life”, “Snowdrops” (both 1961) [9]”Wedding” (1967), “Still Life with Tray”, “Roses”(both 1972), “Katia with the Doll”, “Still life with a Bird” (both 1976), “Children’s Holiday”[13] (1980), “A Spring” (1990… 2000 in st.

Bogaevskaya died on 30 November 2000 in Petersburg at the age of eighty six. Her paintings are hung up in the Russia country museum in St. Petersburg in the museums and private collections in Russia, Italy Britain, France,[ in the U.S., Japan, and other countries.

 

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Olga Bogaevskaya. Wedding. 1967

Written by:  Magdy Raouf

PROMINENT RUSSIANS EVGENIA PETROVNA ANTIPOVA

Truly  there are genius artists when you look at their painting you fall prey to surrender at the first moment as it crushed your mind and thought and becoming a captive for  her art and you will not be able to resist the art creation which expressed the themes of life and views of nature as the viewer moves to intellectual journey has no boundaries. One of genius artists (Evgenia Petrovna Antipova ) whatever I write about  her art, my speech is just a water drop in every deep ocean. I will explain to you the most important stages of her life in lines

She was born on October 19, 1917 in Toropets town, Tver Governorate her father was a clerk in railway department since 1928. She lived with with her parents in Samara on the Volga River.there she began working in a studio of arts under supervision of Pavel Krasnov . from 1935, Petrovna lived in Leningrad. In 1939-1936 she studied in school of Leningrad for secondary arts in the academy of arts. Her tutors were Leonid Ovsyannikov, Alexander Zaytsev, Leonid Sholokhov, Alexander Debler, Vladimir Gorb.

In 1939, she joined  the department of painting in an institute of Repin for painting, sculpture and architecture ((since 1944 named after Ilia Repin)), where she studied with.Semion Abugov, Genrikh Pavlovsky, Alexander Osmerkin, Gleb Savinov, and Vladimir Malagis. in the same year 1939 she participated in (the All-Union Youth  in first artistic exhibition for youth in Moscow, and displayed a painting work.. «Valery Chkalov among young people». It was printed in a magazine called the «Young Artist»

e7 Evgenia Petrovna Antipova (Russian artist, 1917-2009) A Girl from Perseslavl 1964

Evgenia Petrovna Antipova (Russian artist, 1917-2009) A Girl from Perseslavl 1964

There are political statuses that the important artist had been through. I will demonstrate them in few lines:  beginning with an operation of Barbarossa where she found on summer practice in the West Ukraine. With the last echelons she reached Leningrad. in 28 of July 1941 Antipova made a match for Jacov Lukash, when he was a student in fourth stage of the ancient painting department. He was summoned to serve in red army, and said that he was mortalized over the bank on May 1942, till the beginning of 1942, Antipova remained in Leningrad besieged.On Feb. 1942, she was evacuated to Novosibirsk where she lived and worked till the end of war. In 1945 she went back to Leningrad and in 1950 he graduated  from the Repin Institute of Arts in Boris Ioganson’s personal art studio (the former studio of Alexander Osmerkin). Her graduate work was a painting named «Andrey Zhdanov visits the Palace of Young Pioneers in Leningrad»

e2 Evgenia Petrovna Antipova (Russian artist, 1917-2009) Books at the Window 1963

Evgenia Petrovna Antipova (Russian artist, 1917-2009) Books at the Window 1963

I believed from my point of view that this year 1950 1956-as a turning point in an artistic stage in which she created great works that I will explain to you : Antipova studied the components of the painting in school of Tavricheskaya Art School in Leningrad. Since 1950 she participated in the artistic exhibitions. In 1953 she was accepted as one of Leningrad artists union members. she drew the model, decorative synthesis, portraits, natural views, still life paintings and she worked in oils and watercolours. There was of their favourite statuses for them apple orchard, a Crimean landscape, a still life in the interior and in the exterior. Among the known paintings of.1950th and beginning of 1960th «Practical exercises» (1953) «Gurzuf in the morning», «A Sea is in Gurzufe» (both 1954), «Still life» (1957) «On a summer residence»(1958), «At the Peter and Paul fortress», «Taffies», «Field flower bouquet» (all 1960), «Apple tree» (1962), «Early breakfast» (1963), «A Girl in the garden»(1964) .from my point of view that her artistic works attracted an idea about a group of probabilities and the direction of creative research for the artist.

 

Written by:  Magdy Raouf